Kiedy tożsamość staje się przestępstwem- sprawozdanie

opublikowane: 3 lis 2014, 12:07 przez Wiara i Tęcza   [ zaktualizowane 3 lis 2014, 12:07 ]

11 października 2014 w Rzymie odbyła się kolejna konferencja organizowana przez włoskie grupy Chrześcijan LGBT we współpracy z Euroforum.
Temat - problemy ludzi LGBT w krajach gdzie homoseksualność jest karalna.
O ich sytuacji opowiedzieli obrońcy praw człowieka z krajów Afryki. Zaapelowali do społeczeństw i Kościołów o jednoznaczne opowiedzenie się przeciwko penalizacji z powodu orientacji seksualnej czy tożsamości płciowej we wszystkich krajach świata. 

Sprawozdanie z konferencji w języku angielskim napisał Dr. Michael Brinkschroeder, Co-President Euroforum Grup Chrześcijan LGBT:

The atmosphere in the Sala Pietro da Cortona in the second floor of the Capitoline Museums was breath taking. We were welcomed by the Roman town councillor Alessandra Cattoi, who in her opening remarks addressed the current conflict of the cities of Milan, Turin and Rome with the national government, because these cities started to register same-sex partnerships. 70 people attended the conference, among them Dr. Aart Heering, representing the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Rome, and Bishop Geoffrey Robinson.

Frank Mugisha from Sexual Minorities Uganda, the national umbrella organization of 18 LGBT groups, explained the pressure caused by the anti-homosexuality bills and laws in Uganda during the last years. In Uganda, the bills were supported by fundamentalist preachers from the US like Scott Lively and Luo Engle who told the people and politicians that all problems in Uganda were caused by homosexual people. When the law passed (20 Dec. 2013), all churches organized a national prayer day. Since then, SMUG has registered 164 cases of violence against LGBT people in Uganda. Gay and lesbian activists were exposed on front pages of the newspapers, many lost their jobs and contact with their family or had to leave the country and ask for asylum.
Only recently, the Archbishop from Kampala has published a book that recommends reparative therapy for gays and lesbians and dramatizes the safeguarding of heterosexual marriage against opening to same-sex marriage although nobody in Uganda had asked for such a step. On the other hand, the Bishop from Gulu has spoken out against any attempts to establish new laws that would criminalize LGBT people.

Jules Eloundou is the president of Humanity First Cameroon, an LGBT organization, which works for awareness raising and gives assistance in law suits. Homosexuality was criminalized in Cameroon when the President in 1972 signed a bill without consultation of the Parliament. Although the law is restricted to homosexual acts, it has been widely interpreted so that rumors or a diverging gender behavior can be enough to be imprisoned. In 2005, the Archbishop of Yaoundé (Simon-Victor Tonyé-Bukot), initiated a raid against the „gay mafia". He said that homosexuals would destroy humanity, are the enemies of creation, a danger for the family and criminality against mankind. Fortunately, this Archbishop resigned in 2013.
Because of these attacks, homosexual people belong to the most vulnerable groups in Cameroon. Research has shown that 24% resp. 44% of all MSM in Douala and Yaoundé are infected by HIV. Jules Eloundou finished with a recommendation to all churches in Africa to be welcoming instead of preaching hate.

André du Plessis explained that the Holy See is an influential player in international bodies. In the last years it has sent mixed messages: While it responded to the Pillay-Report on violence against LGBT people by affirming the universality of human dignity and human rights, it has constantly rejected the concepts of „sexual orientation“, „gender“ and „gender identity“ as lacking specific definition and has shut down any serious discussion at the UN. André emphasized the difference of quality between violence, criminalization and discrimination of LGBT people who disregard fundamental human rights on the one hand, and laws about marriage equality which can be the outcome of a democratic political process on the other hand.

Francis de Bernardo from New Ways Ministry (USA) said that the issue of LGBT people must not be understood in the light of the tradition of sexual moral theology, but of the social justice tradition of Catholic teaching. Respect, equality and human rights are basic values for this approach. He identified two phases: In the first phase the Catholic hierarchy ignored the tension between these approaches and had a terrible recored of bishops violating human rights, while in the second phase the conflict was articulated by church officials. Francis criticized the mixed messages of the church in this field and said: The ignorance of bishops can not be tolerated. We need to establish a program to educate bishops.

You can read the speeches from André du Plessis (ILGA) and Francis deBernardo (New Ways Ministry) who are attached here.
André has also posted his speech and his summary on the website of ILGA: 

A big thank goes to all our speakers and to Andrea Rubera who was the main organizer of the conference !!!